Restorative Cities: 8 Examples Changing the World

Restorative cities are leading the way in creating urban environments that prioritize community, inclusivity, and sustainability. By implementing innovative approaches to urban planning, justice, and community engagement, these cities are setting powerful examples for the rest of the world.

The successful transformation into restorative cities hinges significantly on robust interagency collaboration, which involves the concerted efforts of various governmental and non-governmental organizations, community groups, and stakeholders. This multi-faceted cooperation is crucial for ensuring that restorative principles are seamlessly integrated across different sectors, including urban planning, justice, education, social services, and environmental management. For instance, urban initiatives like pedestrian-friendly zones and green infrastructures necessitate the joint efforts of city planners, environmental agencies, and local communities to align on goals, share resources, and implement cohesive strategies. Similarly, restorative justice programs within communities rely on partnerships between law enforcement, educational institutions, social services, and community organizations to provide comprehensive support systems that address the root causes of conflict and promote healing. Such interagency collaboration fosters a multidisciplinary approach to problem-solving, ensuring that restorative practices are embedded in the fabric of city governance and community life, leading to more sustainable and impactful outcomes

Here are some cities that are making significant strides toward becoming restorative urban spaces:


1. Leuven, Belgium

Leuven has transformed its central market square into a car-free zone, creating a vibrant public space that encourages pedestrian activity, cafĂ© culture, and community markets. This initiative has enhanced social interaction, supported local businesses, and contributed to a reduction in air pollution, showcasing the city’s commitment to fostering a lively and inclusive urban environment.

2. Bristol, UK

Embracing the motto “One City, Many Communities,” Bristol stands out for its dedication to inclusivity. The city engages diverse communities in decision-making processes through initiatives like participatory budgeting and community-led festivals. This approach promotes a sense of shared ownership and belonging among residents, reinforcing the city’s commitment to being a place for everyone.

3. Hull, UK

Hull is home to the Hull Centre for Restorative Practice, a pioneering institution in the field of restorative justice. The center provides training, mediation services, and restorative circles to address conflicts and strengthen community bonds. By focusing on understanding and healing relationships, Hull is leading by example in the application of restorative practices within urban communities.

North America

4. Oakland, California

Oakland’s Restorative Justice for Violence Prevention initiative offers an alternative to the traditional criminal justice system for young people. By facilitating restorative circles that bring together offenders, victims, and community members, the program promotes accountability, healing, and a significant reduction in recidivism, demonstrating the power of restorative justice in community settings.

5. Vancouver, Canada

Vancouver is at the forefront of affordable housing initiatives, offering land at below-market values for non-profit developers and prioritizing mixed-use developments. These efforts create vibrant, diverse neighborhoods that cater to a wide range of residents, showcasing Vancouver’s commitment to building an inclusive and sustainable city.

6. Vermont, USA

The Community Justice Network of Vermont empowers local communities to address justice issues through restorative practices. By training volunteers to facilitate dialogues, mediations, and circles, Vermont promotes community-based solutions to conflicts, reducing the reliance on the traditional justice system and fostering a more cohesive community environment.


7. Canberra, Australia

Canberra’s “Living Streets” program is reimagining the city to prioritize people over cars. The initiative focuses on creating pedestrian-friendly zones, implementing green infrastructure, and ensuring accessibility for all. This transformation aims to enhance community spaces and encourage active lifestyles, reflecting Canberra’s vision of a people-centric urban landscape.

8. Whanganui, New Zealand

Whanganui has embarked on a cultural revitalization journey, placing the needs and voices of its indigenous Maori community at the forefront. Efforts to revive the Maori language, restore cultural landmarks, and promote traditional knowledge and practices not only foster cultural pride but also strengthen community identity and bridge gaps between different community groups.

These examples demonstrate the diverse ways in which cities around the world are embracing restorative principles to create more inclusive, sustainable, and vibrant urban environments. By focusing on community-building, inclusivity, and environmental sustainability, restorative cities are paving the way for a more equitable and harmonious global society.

Social Infrastructure

Restorative cities weave a multifaceted web of human relationships, spanning interpersonal connections, interagency collaborations, and community-wide engagements. At the heart of these urban spaces, interpersonal interactions are nurtured through thoughtfully designed communal areas that encourage residents to meet, interact, and form bonds, laying the foundational threads of this intricate web. Expanding outward, the web strengthens through interagency collaboration, where diverse organizations and sectors intertwine to integrate restorative principles seamlessly into the urban fabric, ensuring policies and initiatives resonate with the community’s holistic well-being.

At the broadest level, the web encapsulates entire communities, uniting them through shared endeavors and participatory processes that reflect the collective vision and aspirations of its inhabitants. This comprehensive network of relationships, from individual to communal, underpins the essence of restorative cities, transforming them into more than mere places of residence. They emerge as dynamic ecosystems where the social fabric is continually enriched by the active participation and collaboration of all members, making the city a true reflection of a human-centered approach that prioritizes the well-being, connectivity, and collective growth of its people.