Restorative Cities – Overview of locations and strategies

Restorative justice cities are urban environments that actively incorporate restorative justice principles and practices into their daily operations, fostering safer and more inclusive communities. These cities focus on building inter-agency collaboration, promoting restorative practices, and addressing the root causes of crime and conflict, rather than solely relying on punitive measures. In this article, we will explore the principles and strategies behind the development of restorative cities, including interagency planning and collaboration. We will also discuss some of the best examples of restorative justice cities from around the world.

Principles of Restorative Justice Cities

  1. Inclusivity: Restorative cities prioritize inclusivity, ensuring that all members of the community, regardless of their background, are involved in decision-making processes and given opportunities to contribute to the well-being of their neighborhoods.
  2. Accountability: These cities hold individuals and institutions accountable for their actions, while also offering opportunities for them to repair any harm caused and to rebuild trust within the community.
  3. Healing: Restorative justice cities focus on addressing the emotional, psychological, and social impacts of crime and conflict on both victims and offenders, promoting healing and reintegration into the community.
  4. Prevention: By addressing the root causes of crime and conflict, restorative cities work to prevent future incidents and foster a culture of respect, empathy, and understanding.

Strategies for Developing Restorative Cities

  1. Interagency Planning and Collaboration: Developing a restorative justice city requires collaboration between various stakeholders, including government agencies, nonprofit organizations, community groups, and educational institutions. This interagency planning ensures that restorative justice principles are integrated into all aspects of city life, from education and housing to policing and social services.
  2. Community Involvement: Engaging community members in the planning and implementation of restorative justice initiatives is essential for success. This involvement may include hosting community forums, conducting surveys, and facilitating workshops to identify local needs, concerns, and resources.
  3. Training and Education: Restorative cities must invest in training and education for law enforcement, judiciary, and social service professionals to ensure that they understand and can effectively implement restorative justice practices.
  4. Monitoring and Evaluation: Ongoing monitoring and evaluation of restorative justice initiatives are critical to identifying areas of improvement and ensuring that the principles of restorative justice are consistently upheld.

Examples of Restorative Justice Cities

Restorative cities are a growing global movement, focusing on community-building, connection, healing, and inclusive growth. Cities such as Brighton, Bristol, Hull, Leeds, Portsmouth, Southampton, Stockport, and Leuven in Europe; Como and Tempio Pausiana in Italy; Oakland, California, and Vancouver, Canberra and Newcastle in Australia; and Whanganui in New Zealand have declared themselves as restorative or are aiming to become so. These cities are engaging in various initiatives to realize this vision, as outlined by The restorative cities page at Mint House.


  • Leuven, Belgium: This historic city transformed its central market square into a car-free haven, creating a vibrant public space buzzing with pedestrian activity, cafe culture, and community markets. This fostered social interaction, boosted local businesses, and reduced air pollution.
  • Bristol, UK: With the motto “One City, Many Communities,” Bristol prioritizes inclusivity. They actively engage diverse communities in decision-making through initiatives like participatory budgeting and community-led festivals, fostering a sense of shared ownership and belonging.
  • Hull, UK: This city established the Hull Centre for Restorative Practice, a world leader in promoting restorative justice as a way to address conflict and build stronger bonds within communities. They offer training, mediation services, and restorative circles, aiming to build understanding and heal relationships.

North America:

  • Oakland, California: Oakland’s Restorative Justice for Violence Prevention initiative diverts young people from the criminal justice system by using restorative circles. Offenders meet with victims and community members to understand the harm caused, take responsibility, and engage in reparation processes. This fosters accountability, healing, and reduces recidivism.
  • Vancouver, Canada: This city champions affordable housing through initiatives like providing land below market value for non-profit developers and prioritizing mixed-use development to promote vibrant, diverse neighbourhoods.
  • Vermont, USA: The Community Justice Network of Vermont empowers communities to address local justice issues through restorative practices. They train volunteers to facilitate dialogues, mediations, and circles, promoting community-based solutions and reducing reliance on the traditional justice system.


  • Canberra, Australia: The “Living Streets” program aims to transform Canberra into a city prioritizing people over cars. This translates to creating pedestrian-friendly zones, implementing green infrastructure, and prioritizing accessibility for all. The focus is on enhancing community spaces and encouraging active lifestyles.
  • Whanganui, New Zealand: This city embarked on a journey of cultural revitalization, prioritizing the voices and needs of its indigenous Maori community. Initiatives include reviving the Maori language, restoring cultural landmarks, and promoting traditional knowledge and practices. This fosters cultural pride, strengthens community identity, and builds bridges between communities.


Restorative justice cities represent a paradigm shift in how communities approach crime and conflict resolution. By focusing on inclusivity, accountability, healing, and prevention, these cities aim to create environments where all members can thrive. With successful examples from around the world, more urban centers are likely to adopt restorative justice principles, ultimately transforming the way we understand and address justice in our societies.