Restorative Circles: A Guide for Facilitation

Restorative Circles are a community-based approach to conflict resolution and relationship building. Developed within the realm of Restorative Justice, this practice fosters dialogue and mutual understanding between individuals or groups experiencing discord or misunderstanding. Facilitating a Restorative Circle requires a strong grasp of the process and the ability to create an inclusive and respectful space. This guide aims to provide a comprehensive overview of how to facilitate a Restorative Circle.

Understanding Restorative Circles

Restorative Circles involve bringing together all affected parties (the ‘circle’) to openly discuss a conflict or issue. The circle typically includes the individuals directly involved, along with any others who are indirectly affected or may contribute to a resolution. The central goals are to understand everyone’s perspectives, address any harm done, and devise a plan to repair relationships and prevent future conflicts.

The Facilitator’s Role

Facilitating a Restorative Circle is both challenging and rewarding. As a facilitator, your role is to maintain the structure of the circle, guide the conversation, and ensure each participant feels heard and respected. It’s essential to maintain impartiality, as the facilitator should not dictate outcomes or influence the conversation unduly. Instead, facilitators encourage dialogue, promote empathy, and help create an environment conducive to resolution and healing.

The Process of Facilitation

1. Pre-Circle Preparation

Before the circle begins, the facilitator meets with each participant individually to explain the process, clarify expectations, and gain a preliminary understanding of their viewpoint. It’s crucial at this stage to foster trust, ensuring participants feel comfortable sharing openly in the circle.

2. Setting the Stage

At the beginning of the circle, the facilitator helps establish ground rules that promote respect, active listening, and nonjudgmental communication. They might also choose to introduce a talking piece, an object passed around the circle to denote who has the floor. The facilitator sets the tone for the meeting by modeling empathy, patience, and respect.

3. Facilitating Dialogue

Once the stage is set, the facilitator guides the participants through three rounds of dialogue:

  • Understanding the Incident: The participants discuss the event or issue, each sharing their perspective and experience. It’s the facilitator’s role to ensure every voice is heard and that the conversation remains respectful.
  • Reflecting on Impact: Participants explore how the incident affected them personally and the wider community. The facilitator guides participants in expressing their feelings and needs, fostering empathy and shared understanding.
  • Finding Resolution: The group works together to develop an action plan to repair harm and prevent future issues. The facilitator encourages collaborative problem solving, helping the group reach a consensus-based resolution.


Restorative Circles offer an alternative approach to conflict resolution that values empathy, understanding, and community. As a facilitator, your role is to guide this process, ensuring that each participant feels heard and respected, and the circle concludes with a tangible plan for restoration and future harmony. Remember, successful facilitation is a skill honed with time, practice, and reflection. With patience and dedication, you can contribute significantly to fostering dialogue and reconciliation within your community.


Recommended book Restorative Circles

Common Issues and Management Strategies in Restorative Circles

Facilitating a Restorative Circle can encounter challenges. Recognizing these challenges and knowing how to manage them effectively is crucial to the process’s success. Here are a few common issues and tips on how to manage them.

1. Resistance to Participation

Some participants might be hesitant or resistant to partake in the process. This could be due to fear, distrust, discomfort with vulnerability, or skepticism about the process’s effectiveness.

Management Strategy: Spend ample time in the pre-circle preparation phase to build rapport and trust with each participant. Clearly explain the purpose and process of the Restorative Circle, addressing any concerns or misconceptions. Reinforce that the circle is a safe space for sharing, and participation is voluntary.

2. Dominating Participants

Some participants may dominate the conversation, making it difficult for others to share their perspectives.

Management Strategy: Introduce a ‘talking piece’—an object passed around to signify who has the floor for speaking. This technique can help manage conversation flow and ensure everyone has an equal opportunity to express themselves.

3. Escalation of Conflict

Emotions can run high during a circle, potentially leading to heated exchanges or increased conflict.

Management Strategy: As a facilitator, you need to maintain a calm and neutral demeanor. Use de-escalation techniques such as taking breaks, redirecting conversation, or reminding participants about the ground rules. Validate the emotions present but guide the conversation towards understanding and resolution.

4. Difficulty Reaching Resolution

There might be instances where participants find it challenging to agree on a plan for resolution or repair.

Management Strategy: Encourage participants to generate multiple options and discuss the pros and cons of each. If an agreement can’t be reached, it might be beneficial to take a break and return to the issue later or arrange a follow-up meeting.

5. Lack of Follow-Through

Post-circle, participants might fail to carry out the agreed-upon actions, jeopardizing the resolution process.

Management Strategy: As part of the resolution plan, create clear, actionable steps, and designate a person or committee to follow up on the commitments. A follow-up meeting can be scheduled to check on the progress and address any hurdles to implementing the agreed actions.

Understanding these common issues can equip facilitators with the necessary strategies to ensure the smooth running of the Restorative Circle process, helping it to achieve its purpose—resolution, restoration, and strengthened community relationships.

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