Restorative Cities – Overview of locations and strategies

Restorative justice cities are urban environments that actively incorporate restorative justice principles and practices into their daily operations, fostering safer and more inclusive communities. These cities focus on building relationships, promoting healing, and addressing the root causes of crime and conflict, rather than solely relying on punitive measures. In this article, we will explore the principles and strategies behind the development of restorative cities, including interagency planning and collaboration. We will also discuss some of the best examples of restorative justice cities from around the world.

Principles of Restorative Justice Cities

  1. Inclusivity: Restorative cities prioritize inclusivity, ensuring that all members of the community, regardless of their background, are involved in decision-making processes and given opportunities to contribute to the well-being of their neighborhoods.
  2. Accountability: These cities hold individuals and institutions accountable for their actions, while also offering opportunities for them to repair any harm caused and to rebuild trust within the community.
  3. Healing: Restorative justice cities focus on addressing the emotional, psychological, and social impacts of crime and conflict on both victims and offenders, promoting healing and reintegration into the community.
  4. Prevention: By addressing the root causes of crime and conflict, restorative cities work to prevent future incidents and foster a culture of respect, empathy, and understanding.

Strategies for Developing Restorative Cities

  1. Interagency Planning and Collaboration: Developing a restorative justice city requires collaboration between various stakeholders, including government agencies, nonprofit organizations, community groups, and educational institutions. This interagency planning ensures that restorative justice principles are integrated into all aspects of city life, from education and housing to policing and social services.
  2. Community Involvement: Engaging community members in the planning and implementation of restorative justice initiatives is essential for success. This involvement may include hosting community forums, conducting surveys, and facilitating workshops to identify local needs, concerns, and resources.
  3. Training and Education: Restorative cities must invest in training and education for law enforcement, judiciary, and social service professionals to ensure that they understand and can effectively implement restorative justice practices.
  4. Monitoring and Evaluation: Ongoing monitoring and evaluation of restorative justice initiatives are critical to identifying areas of improvement and ensuring that the principles of restorative justice are consistently upheld.

Best Examples of Restorative Justice Cities

  1. Hull, United Kingdom: Hull has been recognized as the world’s first restorative city. It has made significant progress in implementing restorative practices, particularly in the areas of education, policing, and social services. Initiatives such as the Hull Centre for Restorative Practice have been instrumental in providing training and support for local agencies and organizations.
  2. Oakland, United States: Oakland has made strides in implementing restorative justice practices within its education system, with many schools adopting restorative justice circles to address student conflicts and discipline issues. The city has also invested in community-based programs, such as the Oakland Unite program, which provides support for victims of violence and works to reduce gun violence.
  3. Christchurch, New Zealand: Christchurch has been actively implementing restorative justice principles following the devastating earthquakes in 2010 and 2011. Through initiatives like the Christchurch Restorative City Trust, the city has focused on rebuilding its communities with a strong emphasis on inclusion, healing, and resilience.


Restorative justice cities represent a paradigm shift in how communities approach crime and conflict resolution. By focusing on inclusivity, accountability, healing, and prevention, these cities aim to create environments where all members can thrive. With successful examples from around the world, more urban centers are likely to adopt restorative justice principles, ultimately transforming the way we understand and address justice in our societies.